Friesian

Family: Equidae Friesian horse picture photoEquus caballus
Latest Reader Comment - See More
Hi all I own this beautiful lady above her name is Trienke, I have had since she was 6mths old, they think is she has been unwell since Oct 2010 came down with a... (more)  Heather Morrison

   Though not the oldest breed of horse, the Friesian is thought to be descended from the primitive Forest Horse!

The picturesque Friesian is known for its flashy movement, beautiful black coat, and thick mane and tail. It is a popular carriage and dressage horse. It derives its name from its county of origin. It was developed in Friesland, which is an island off the coast of the Netherlands. There is evidence that the Friesian horses may have existed as far back as 1000 BC. It is thought that it may have descended from the primitive Forest Horse. The Roman historian Tacitus, in 55-120 AD, noted it as a powerful and versatile horse.

The Friesian carried both Friesian and German knights during the crusades. That brought it into contact with Eastern horses which lightened the breed. It was further improved with Andalucian and Barb influences while Friesland was under Spanish control in the 16th and 17th Centuries. Throughout this time it was a popular breed and also influenced the development of many other breeds including the Fell and Dale ponies, the Shire horse, and the Oldenburger.

Friesian horses are large in stature, but these high stepping beauties are quite versatile and willing to train. These great all-around horses also have a gentle disposition. They are commonly seen in entertainment shows like circus acts and exhibitions, as well as traditionally being used for horse drawn hearses in England. With the inclusion of the stallion, Othello, in the 1985 film Ladyhawke, they've become popular in the film and entertainment. More recently they have been used in the movie Eragon.


  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Perissodactyla
  • Family: Equidae
  • Genus: Equus
  • Species: caballus
Dancing Friesian

Report Broken Video
Dancing Friesian - 3 1/2 year old ; Trainer - Gustavo Lopez; guslopez.com

Horse Breeds


The Friesian is a light horse breed. Light horse breeds generally weigh under 1,500 pounds. They are typically used as riding horses for leisure and trail riding. Being agile and swift, many are also used on the racetrack, in the show ring, and for work on the ranch.
Light horses are grouped in a couple of different ways, one being the continent or country where they originated from. They are also grouped according to training, classified as either a stock type, hunter type, saddle type, or 'other'. A body type is generally attributed to each class, with the 'other' classification being a bit of an odd ball. It includes those that are color breeds or those that may fit a body type of one of the training classes, but not be used for that type of training. The 'other' types can also include those that may fit into more than one of the type groups.
The horse class the Friesian fits into is the 'other' class as there are two distinct conformation types: the classic heavy type and the more modern sport horse type.

Horse Backgrounds


The Friesian horse was developed in Friesland, an island off the coast of the Netherlands, and is thought to be descended from the primitive Forest Horse. Evidence suggests that the Friesian horse may have existed as far back as 1000 BC. In 55-120 AD, the Roman historian Tacitus noted the Friesian horse's existence and found it a powerful and versatile horse. The Friesian has been influential to many other breeds, such as the Fell and Dale ponies, the Shire horse, and the oldenburger in the 17th Century.
It was a common mount for Friesian and German knights in the Crusades, and as a result Friesians contact with Eastern horses, which lightened the breed. The breed was further improved by Andalucian and Barb influences that occurred when the Netherlands became under the control of Spain in the 16th and 17th Centuries, adding stamina and better range of movement.
Despite its popularity in the 16th and 17th centuries and its influence on other breeds, the Friesian nearly went extinct during the early 20th Century. This was largely due to the popularity of trotting horses and the reduction of horses being used for agricultural work. By 1913, only three Friesian stallions still existed in Friesland, but interestingly the breed was saved by the WWII, when fuel shortages encouraged farmers to return to horse power. A new breeding program was started using imported oldenburger stallions and the breed was revived.

Description


Today's Friesians are known for their beautiful black coats and their long, thick manes and tails. They generally have no markings, although they can usually still be registered if they have a small star on their forehead. They have ‘feathering,' or long hair on their lower legs, which is purposely left untrimmed. They can range in height from 14.2 to 17 hands high, but on average they stand about 15 hands high. They are compact and muscular, with a fine head and a thick, arched neck. Today, there are two distinct conformation types: the classic heavy type and the more modern sport horse type.

Horse Care and Feeding


Friesians need a great deal of grooming to keep them looking their best, since they have a very thick mane and tail, and ‘feathers' on their lower legs. Methods to care for these include:

  • 'Feathers' on their lower legs: To keep their ‘feathers' looking neat and to show off their legs, clip the hair behind the knee and on the front of the cannon bone. You want to keep the hair around the fetlock and below, but trim feathers that drag on the ground too much. To keep the tail looking nice, cut the bottom evenly around the height of the fetlock to keep it from dragging on the ground.
  • Tail: If the tail is not this long, the cut it evenly at the lowest point with enough hair to get the tail to stay thick until the very bottom.
  • Mane: The mane on Friesians is usually left long, but do not cut it along the bottom because it will not be even. It is best to pull the mane, meaning pull out the longest hairs until you get to the desired length. You must do this fairly often to keep it at the desired length.

Horse Training and Activities


Friesians are incredibly versatile and willing, and although they are large in stature they are known for their elegance and high-stepping gait. This makes them ideal for use as harness horses, creating a powerful, agile, and flashy driving team. They are becoming increasingly popular as dressage horses due to their power, movement, and body control. They are also great all-around horses and have gentle dispositions.
Friesians have also become popular in the film and entertainment industry. The breed owes much of its current popularity to the stallion Othello, who appeared in the 1985 film Ladyhawke. Other films that have used Friesian horses include Eragon, The Mask of Zorro, and 300. They are also commonly seen in live entertainment shows such as circus acts and exhibitions.
In London, a team of Friesians is still used to pull the Harrods department store carriage for promotional excursions and deliveries. They are also traditionally used in funerals that require horse-drawn hearses in England.

Common Health Problems


Friesians are somewhat prone to a disease called Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) simply due to their size. OCD is a disease found in young, rapidly growing horses who will mature to be over 15 hands. It occurs when cartilage at the end of growing bones breaks down instead of turning into bone as it should. As a result of the break-down, small pieces of cartilage may break off and harden into bone cysts, causing inflammation and pain in the joint. Treatment includes joint injections and rest, and surgery is possible.
Dwarfism is a genetic disorder that can affect any breed and occurs the most in pony breeds, but is present in the Friesian breed. The disorder causes the body to be severely disproportionate and it is debilitating.
Friesians are disposed to an infection called scratches, which is scabbing that appears on the back of the pastern and fetlock. It is thought to be caused by standing in wet areas and the ‘feathers' cause the area to stay wet for a longer period of time. It can cause discomfort to the affected horse, but can be easily cleared up by shaving the affected area so that it can dry out and scrubbing with a cleaning solution such as an iodine scrub for several days.

Availability


Friesians are fairly available in Europe and the United States due to their popularity. They are fairly expensive if they are flashy and have some training. If they are bought as yearlings, they are more reasonable.

References


Maria Costantino, The Handbook of Horse Breeds, Barns and Noble, 2004
"Friesian Care and Health", Friesian Crazy, referenced online 2008
"Friesian horse", Wikipedia, Referenced 2008
Author: Sandra Lloyd

Lastest Animal Stories on Friesian


Heather Morrison - 2011-02-27
Hi all I own this beautiful lady above her name is Trienke, I have had since she was 6mths old, they think is she has been unwell since Oct 2010 came down with a colic type illness, but at the on set of her illness showed none of the usual signs of colic which bemused my vet, however did get better when treated for colic and an obstruction. She has never managed to put any weight back on and still looks tucked up, to date she has had another 5 attacks the vet have internally examined her, given tube fed liquid paraffin, painkillers a 5 day panacur worming program buscopan and pain relief but nothing worked, more recently I had bloods ran on her to check liver and kidney function but they came back normal, the vet said had he not seen her he would have told me not to worry you have a healthy horse, however because he has seen her there has to be something else underlying has anyone come across this type of illness with their horse before as I am desperate for any advice HELP.

  • Mariah Rain - 2011-06-18
    I don't know if this applies to horses but awhile ago I had for five years a chronic abdominal pain that no one could find an explanation or cure for. Then I went to a certain gastrointeroligist and he found that I had a bacterial infection in my small intestine that emitted gas when I ate certain foods. The small intestine in human beings anyway isn't supposed to produce gas, perhaps this could be what is wrong with your horse?
  • Sonja - 2012-09-02
    I too have a Friesian mare that has colic once. Took five days to pass, scary!! Are you familiar with SmartPak? They are a supplement company with an excellent staff with tons of knowledge. They have helped us tremendously. Also, Aloe Vera juice will help with her insides. Good Luck
  • Esteban - 2012-09-26
    Other than waiting fore a vet to come, there is only one product anyone can use to stop colic in a horse. It's an alternative treatment called Equine Colic Relief. I have first hand experience that it really works. It is all natural and has a shelf life of 11 years! Helps me to have some on hand.
  • HeyWatch - 2013-02-04
    A very high percentage of horses have ulcers. They will display the symptoms you have mentioned. There is a product available from your veterinarian called Omeprazole that WILL WORK if this is your horses issue. There is no downside to using this drug, and I suggest you do not waste your money getting expensive tests, just treat the horse and wait to see if you get results (You should notice a difference in 2 weeks). This can be a lifesaver for horses with ulcers, and if you are not familiar with this ailment, you will be amazed when you reasearch independant studies on how many horses will have this (Example: 86% of racing thoroughbreds). I do wish you the best with your problem. I think I should add on here, I do not have any affiliation with Omeprazole whatsoever. The dosage I USE when I suspect this problem with a horse is 20cc by mouth one time per day for 2 weeks, then 10 cc per day as a maintenance dose. I always go back to the loading dose if the horse is under any stress, such as travelling or showing. Please check the instructions on your bottle, as there may possibly be different formulations on the market...I am from Canada. Good Luck :) !!
  • Horse lover - 2013-05-09
    Can I ask why your lovely lady has boy parts?
Reply
Mariah Rain - 2011-06-18
My mom and I are looking to buy a friesian horse and I know they are relatively prone to colic...What would anyone suggest for a healthy, balanced diet for a friesian? I've been searching on the internet but it's come up with so many different supplements and feeds that I cannot decide which is best for my horse.

  • Audrey - 2011-08-14
    Absent any statistical proof, I'm not sure I agree that Friesians are any more prone to colic than any other breed. I do all I can to keep my Friesians healthy - plenty of turnout (12+ hours per day or 24/7), free choice grass hay (the closer to organic, the better and don't limit! If your horse is getting fat, they need more exercise, not less hay!), automatic waterers (to ensure they are getting fresh, not stagnant water), lots of exercise to promote hunger and keep weight off, herd companionship, regular worming, pick your pastures and paddocks (yes, I do, every week), and I only use one feed supplement that I strongly believe in - Progressive Feed. I use the Grass Balancer. Any vitamins or minerals that are missing in the grass or hay I am feeding, are covered by that supplement. NO OTHER SUPPLEMENTS - avoid toxicity. Take a look at www.prognutrition.com They are the best, and believe me, I've researched ad nauseum. Good luck! Put your horse first and remember - one of the biggest ways to cause colic is to limit feed. Keep the gut moving at all times!
  • mike - 2011-12-28
    My horse sound just like your does, I think I gave him too much wormer that has been 3 mo ago and he is just now starting to put on weight. I have talk to a old time horse trainer he said some horse will loss weight get sick. I too had a vet out and no luck it was just time and good care I hope your horse get better I hope this will help.

  • christiana - 2012-02-01
    Hi
    I'm breeding Friesians since 18 years and we very,very seldom had colic problems.These horses don't need lots and any special food. If they are not working hard every day,-they only have to get a good grass timo. mixture hay. Never ever overfeed them ! Their bodies don't need that much food like other hose breeds. To much protein will give them the problems, like colics and laminitis or founder. No moldy hay ,lots of room to move around, some four-legged friends and lots of love.
  • Marie - 2013-11-03
    We have a Friesan/Canadian X and she has never had colic, although she likes to roll. She is currently living outside on pasture and hay and quite a belly. Since we have been working her out lately, she has lost her belly. I give her an equalizer to give her the missing vitamins without the extra calories. She has since 3 months now lost her belly. She is looking really fit and really healthy.
  • Lynne - 2014-06-08
    My Friesian gelding is 14 years old and I have owned him for 6 years. He is 'healthy as a horse'. Good quality hay and grain and water… thank goodness, never had a problem. Just a magnificent animal. I would have 10 of them if I could. A breeder in Connecticut has many Friesians upwards of 20 years old… they are all healthy… lot of carrots, corn oil, honey and finely ground flaxseed seems to do the trick.
Reply
sandra - 2013-09-19
I have available now in my ranch, two very healthy 4 year old friesian horses. Perfect for dressage. A male and a female. Both are approximately 15.2 hands. No health complications. Looking for interested persons. Email me at sanuellazakoy@yahoo.com

  • Rebecca - 2013-09-28
    Helloo I am wondering where are you based? And how much are you selling your Friesians for? xx
Reply
Estelle - 2010-04-12
I bought my daughter a friesian gelding of 4yrs and F2 registered however, how does one go about keeping them black all year round. I cannot find any info regarding this matter on the net. Can someone answer this for me please.

  • Anonymous - 2010-05-13
    Best way to keep your horse black is keep in during the day and turn out during the night.. another alternative is putting on a fly sheet which is light ( won't get too hot etc ). Wash down sweat areas if weather permitting or a quick rinse.. as sweat also lightens the coat. Hope this helps.
  • Jean - 2010-08-17
    Many owners revert to keeping their Friesians in during the day and only turn out at night. Some feed some types of supplements that are supposed to keep the color black. But if you truly love your new
    Friesian
    love him for the horse he is and not what you want him to do for your ego. Let him run and play in the light and avoid over feeding and over supplementing this breed. The most striking coats are seen in the Friesians that the owners have allowed to move freely with companions and plenty of space. When the winter sun comes he will return to his lovely color.
    jean
  • Jennifer - 2010-09-08
    It is the sun which causes the coat to turn red, so you can help to keep it black by them wearing a fly sheet with sun protection built in. I hope this helps.
  • Raven - 2010-10-24
    You have to keep them in during the day and only let them graze at night. Sun during the summer months are a black horse's enemy. Also use shampoos that are designed for black horses. Hope this helps.
  • dennis - 2010-10-31
    my question to u is looking at a friesian cross 15 hh 1100 pounds 9 yrs old. do u find it to be expensive to own rather than a regular horse.. the guy selling in ny said no diff than owning a regular horse. is this true... shoeing feed etc, thanks dennis
  • Fe - 2011-01-07
    Hello, I have owned Friesians all my life and never have I had anything but black.
    Keep them rugged in winter and summer also (Obviously a lighter rug) shade in the sun and they bleach easy. Once wet rub down with a towel to get most of the wet off. Sun and wet is the problem of changing the coat colour! Hope I helped.
  • Naomie - 2011-01-15
    He is getting Sunbleached.
    Put a uv-protection sheet on him and he should go back to black in a little bit. =D
  • Audrey - 2011-08-14
    Some friesians are jet black naturally, others fade during the summer. If it's that important to you, be sure to buy one that won't fade. The majority do, however, and who cares? It's the health of your horse that matters most. Besides, the judges don't care about fading, so it won't score against you at the keurings.
  • ashtyn - 2012-09-21
    Hi I'm Ashtyn. I love horses. I ride them and enter shows. I have some questions please email me thank you
Reply
sandra - 2013-09-19
I have available now in my ranch, two very healthy 4 year old friesian horses. Perfect for dressage. A male and a female. Both are approximately 15.2 hands. No health complications. Looking for interested persons. Email me at sanuellazakoy@yahoo.com

  • Rebecca - 2013-09-28
    Helloo I am wondering where are you based? And how much are you selling your Friesians for? xx
Reply